The decision to leave an inheritance for your children is something that I think about quite a bit. After all, what are we saving all of this money for anyway? A few years ago, I’d say one reason for saving so much money is to be able to provide an inheritance for our children later in life when their mother and I pass away. However, the more I think about it, the more I wonder if leaving an inheritance, or at least the promise of an inheritance, does more harm than good. My thoughts on this topic have shifted based on a few experiences I’ve seen in others.
When Expecting an Inheritance Goes Wrong
In my early 20s, I lived in a duplex with three other guys. One of the guys, we’ll call him Brad, was the first example that came to mind when considering whether an inheritance can have a positive or negative effect. Brad was in his late-20s and coasting through life. He was working at a job that was well below his potential because he didn’t have the drive to find something better despite being fully capable.
He would sometimes talk about how his grandfather wasn’t in excellent health but had a lot of money. Money that he fully expected to be shared with him once his grandfather passed away. When his grandfather eventually passed away, he didn’t get any money, to his surprise. I remember the shock and anger when this happened. It shattered an already shaky relationship with his dad. I won’t go into all the details of why he didn’t get an inheritance, but what happened after the initial shock wore off was most enjoyable.
Knowing he didn’t have much money coming his way completely changed his mindset. It made Brad accept that he had to do it independently if he wanted to be successful. Over the next several years, Brad’s motivation to succeed kicked in. After transitioning to a corporate recruiting position for a couple of years, he eventually quit and started his own business.
After only a few years, he made five to ten times more than his previous job. I know that a job isn’t all about money, but his satisfaction with his work also took off. Eventually, he was doing it, working fewer hours than before. He went from shame in his job to being a proud “CEO” of his business.
I am convinced that if Brad had received that inheritance, he would have never started his own business. While also convinced that the promise of an inheritance killed his motivation early in life. He might have never gotten started if his grandfather had lived another ten years.
Brad’s example isn’t the only time I’ve seen a similar situation play out in the lives of friends and family. But it’s a pattern I’ve observed enough to believe there is something to it. I don’t think the actual inheritance is a problem, but more the promise of an inheritance when a family member dies. In general, it is gross when, subliminally, someone counts on a family member passing away in the hopes of financial gain.
There are plenty of studies that show how generational wealth is squandered. The money you’ve worked for often won’t make it past your children. It’s the same philosophy with lottery winners and professional athletes that quickly come into money. Yet, repeatedly, we see that people who receive large sums of money don’t know how to handle it properly.
Ensuring our children are financially literate increases their chances of effectively managing an inheritance. However, I think there’s something to going out and making it yourself. The child that takes over the family business will never have the same appreciation as their parents, that had to build that business from the ground up. Likewise, the sacrifice and dedication to building wealth make you more connected.
So What Do We Plan to Do With Our Money?
As we know, in life, nothing is guaranteed. Just because we are on track to have a nice nest egg later in life doesn’t mean that will happen. Most of us are a significant medical event away from bankruptcy if that also occurs with a loss of health insurance. So let me start by saying that much of this comes from a place of privilege and hard work to consider these options.
Let’s say my wife or I live into our mid-80s. Based on our family history, it’s likely that at least one of us will make it that far. At that time, our kids will be in their late 40s or 50s, maybe with their own family. They’ll be set in their careers and, hopefully, lead a happy and fulfilling life.
What will that accomplish if we share a large sum of money with them at that point in their life? In the best-case scenario, maybe they are involved in a charitable effort to change the world. But, in a more likely case, they aren’t as motivated earlier in life since they think they’ll be getting a large sum of money later in life and never live up to their potential.
I will have a conversation with each of our kids at some point. When we pass away, don’t expect a dime of inheritance.
This all goes entirely out the window if we die earlier in life. That’s a different story. It also gives us space to change our minds. The key for us is ensuring that our kids don’t expect anything.
So what do we plan to do instead?
Set Their Financial Foundation Early in Life
Instead of saving all of our money for later in life, our goal is to do everything we can to ensure they are set up for success. For example, sending them to good schools as children and young adults, paying for college, and providing money to start their lives. This may involve a down payment on a first home or seed money to start a business. It may also include helping with other life events such as a wedding.
If they cannot make it with that kind of head start, the promise of more money will likely do more harm than good later in life. At some point, they have to go out and make it independently. And if they can’t make it on their own in their 20s without any consumer debt, a college education, and a downpayment on a first home, then there are deeper issues.
As parents, we all think we are doing what’s best to raise our kids. At the same time, they are their people, and sometimes things don’t always turn out how we hope. I hope all the conversations we’ve already had with them about money and financial literacy pay off. I plan to share the keys to building wealth with my children. They will have the roadmap and the tools to have very successful lives, and it will be in their hands to take action.
Other Considerations for Not Leaving an Inheritance
Unknown Health Expenses
Another reason for never promising an inheritance is the unknown healthcare costs later in life. Assisted living facilities and nursing homes are costly. I don’t want a conflict of interest between money and getting the best care for my wife or me.
Maybe that sounds selfish, but there are situations where kids are challenged to decide between giving their parents the best care and not burning through all of their future inheritance. Sadly, we have to think about things like this, but money can influence decisions, even for those with great relationships with their parents.
Money Can Tear Families Apart
You all know a family torn apart by an inheritance gone wrong. Hopefully, that hasn’t been in your family. No matter how you plan to split the money among your kids, someone will likely be unhappy about it. If not, the kids, maybe the grandkids.
While it’s not uncommon for siblings to fight as adults, it’s mostly about one thing when they do. You guessed it, money. Eliminating the expectation of inheritance can reduce disputes among siblings. They may end up mad at us but hopefully not at each other.
So many causes in the world are more important than ensuring my kids get their second vacation home with the money we leave behind. An ideal situation would be when my kids are older; they are involved with charitable causes that we can work together to give to after we pass. I can think of no better way to spend our money after passing than to give it to a cause we are passionate about.
What Might Change Our Minds About Leaving an Inheritance?
As we all know, life can change. Maybe at the end of the day, we’ll give our kids money after we pass away. However, it will never be promised. I believe that inheritance issues come into play for all the above reasons.
When you know there will be a pot of gold at the end of the rainbow, it reduces the incentive to build your pot of gold. If they can’t make it in life with the head start we plan to give them, an inheritance later in life won’t help either. It may do more harm than good if they are expecting it.
One thing that would undoubtedly change things is if their mother died and I early in life. If we were to pass away in the next 15 years, our kids would get everything. We want to make sure they have money to take care of themselves. We also won’t rule out giving money to grandkids to give them the same head start. However, with hopefully being at least 15 years away from the possibility of grandkids, we have a lot to think about before then.
For now, our financial plans will not include leaving an inheritance to our kids. Instead, they will receive money for college and a nice gift to start their lives. I guess you could call that an early inheritance, and if that’s the case, I’m all for it to ensure they get off to a good start in life.
Like most things in parenting, we want to provide them with the best life, but they have to go and work for some things on their own. Raising spoiled children or children that expect everything to be given to them isn’t the answer either. I’ll check in on this post in 10 years or so to see where our heads are.
This post originally appeared on Financial Pilgrimage.
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Mark is the founder of Financial Pilgrimage, a blog dedicated to helping young families pay down debt and live financially free. Mark has a Bachelor’s degree in financial management and a Master’s degree in economics and finance. He is a husband of one and father of two and calls St. Louis, MO, home. He also loves playing in old man baseball leagues, working out, and being anywhere near the water. Mark has been featured in Yahoo! Finance, NerdWallet, and the Plutus Awards Showcase.